The Okaloosa Leader
Vol. 1 Laurel Hill, Fla, Thursday, January 20, 1916
No. 16

Echoes from the Bayous and Bay County.

  Last Sunday, Jan. 9th, Mr. R. A. Sattenfield, of Black Point on Choctawhatchee Bay, entertained a party of friends from Camp Walton, Five Mile Bayou and Garniers.
  The road working from Camp Walton on out continues slowly, but we hope, surely.
  Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Southwick were guests last Sunday at a dinner given by Judge and Mrs. Will Culberson on Five Mile Bayou.
  Mr. and Mrs. Avery, a newly wed couple of Pensacola, are honeymooning at Garniers, at the bungalow of Mr. Avery’s relative, Mr. M. H. Sullivan.

  Mr. Dallas Duncan, of Town Point, has returned to his Sturgeon fishing.
   Messrs. Clyde Webb and R. J. Henderson of Crestview were visitors through here at Camp Walton and Garniers last week.  *Several lines unreadable at this point picks up* and when you come down to “brass tacks” and really consider the matter, Garniers would not be a bad location after all, for it is the most conveniently located place south of the railroad and the deepest water and best harbor for the boats to be found is at Garniers, and the Government Forest Headquarters are at Garniers, to say nothing of the other many advantages, not considering the best and most likely place for the railroad to terminate, and the most beautiful places for residences are to be found at Garniers on that beautiful bayou, of anywhere else in the bay country.  All of you folks that are pulling for the court house, need not get scared, for the people of Garniers are not seeking any notoriety in the court house election, and are perfectly willing that the court house go where it should.  The people of the Bayou are generous and kind hearted and believe in what is fair and just in all cases, but they won’t be “run over” if they can help it, when other folks see to impose on them. 

  Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Southwick of Five Mile Bayou, visited Capt. W. H. Keeler at “Magnolia Beach”, Garniers, one day last week.
  Messrs. W. R. Blount and D. W. Withrill, of Pensacola, motored from Pensacola to Garniers and points inland last week.  They were guest of Mr. and Mrs. E. R. McKee at Camp Pinchot, Garniers, last Thursday night.
  A number of Garniers people went to Camp Walton at various times last week, among whom are Capt. W.H. Keeler, Mesdames C. A. Early, Mary  Scranton and Mrs. W.  R. Brown.
  Prof. E. A. Mooney was a passenger on the Ruth last Wednesday up from Pensacola to Mary Esther en route to his home at Garniers after an extended business trip to Crestview, Milton and Pensacola.

Harris is still “booming” shipping wood and lumber.
  Mr. Allen Hart of Dorcas, Fla., is visiting his mother at this place.
  Mr. Horace Martin has returned from Pensacola.
  Mrs. Bessie Rogers of Mary Esther was a pleasant caller at the home of Mrs. J. T. Jones Tuesday afternoon.

  Mr. Homer Jones visited Tuesday while en route to where he will begin fishing.  Homer has been out West, but he says Destin is the best place.
  Misses Retta Reddick, Myrtice and Claudy Reddick, and Miss Maggie Lee/Lou? Etheridge were callers at the home of Mrs. Wright Sunday afternoon.
  Mr. S.I. Hart made his arrival Monday, after an absence of several days.  Where he has been we do not know, as he visited several places in Fla. and Ala., traveling on a “Ford” and of course we are glad to welcome him back.  One especially, C!
  School is progressing nicely.  Have a few more pupils, Miss Lera and Ina Geohagan being amongst them.
  Mr. Ernest Morris and Mr. Lonnie Martin called on the Misses Reddicks Sunday night.

County Commissioners Visit The Bay County.
County Commissioners J. H. Givens, R. A. Rozier, W. J. Davis and B.P. Edge visited the bay country last week inspecting the road from Crestview to Camp Walton.
  At Camp Walton they were cordially treated but the citizens of that burgh did not come out.
  At the Indianola Inn the Commissioners were treated with more than normal courtesy and they are very loud in their praise of that popular hotel.

The Bank of Laurel Hill

At Laurel Hill, the State of Florida, at the close of office December 31st, 1915.

Loans on Real Estate                                                     $22,773.34

Loans on Collateral Security other than Real Estate                                                                      7,768.06

All other Loans and Discounts                                        6,629.18

Overdrafts                                                                                49.50

Banking House, Furniture and Fixtures                          5,704.00

Other Real Estate                                                                                 300.00

Claims and other Resources                                                  40.00

Due from Incorporated Banks                                        26,486.57

Due from Private Banks and Bankers                     

Other Cash Items                                                                                    10.00

Cash on Hand                                                                     5,225.37

Capital Stock Pain in                                                     $20,000.00

Surplus Fund                                                                       6,000.00

Undivided Profits (Less Expenses and

    _________)                                                                         12.44?

Time Certificates of Deposits                                          _______

Cashier’s Checks Outstanding                                         _______

Bills Payable                                                                      ________

Balance ***not able to read****                                   _________

Laurel Hill the HUB of OKALOOSA COUNTY

Most PRACTICAL Place for the County Seat

Finlayson’s Store
The opening of a New Year is a mile stone in Life’s Journey.

We glance backward and take stock of what we have done.

We look forward and lay out a plan of action, resolving to press forward toward better things.

In all lines of human endeavor the inspiration of the New Year is a call for more work and better service.

In response to these thoughts FINLAYSON’S CASH STORE, will endeavor to give better values and better service.

While it has always been the value-center of the commercial life of Laurel Hill, inducements and values will be given in the future that will make it distinctively a value-giving store.

In all the lines of merchandise this store will carry, quality will be the first consideration, and volume of business with small profits will be our aim.

This brief outline of our policy will help you to watch for future announcements in  this space, specifying money saving features that will be mutually beneficial to store and customer alike.

  Let the New Year find us more responsive to each other’s needs.


  States To Share In Federal Appropriation

**Rest of Heading unable to read**

Tallahassee—Special from Washington, D. C. says:
  The federal government seems to be headed in the direction to furnishing extensive and valuable aid to the state of Florida in the matter of the construction and maintenance of roads.
  The house committee on roads has reported out a bill, with its unanimous approval, which marks a long step toward federal aid in road building throughout the country.  It is obvious that the bill is going to have strong support.
  The good roads bill is now before congress, under the most promising auspices, would give to the state of Florida every year, $183,750, provided the state complies with certain conditions, among which is the requirement that the state shall raise half the money for roads—matching the government’s money dollar for dollar.
  The apportionment is based on population and post-road miles within the state.  For the entire country the bill carries an annual appropriation of $25,000,000 to aid the states in road **paper torn at this point.**  The purpose of the act is to make every dollar of the government go as far as possible in the direction of scientific road making.

Big Deal in Cattle
St. Lucie—the biggest cattle deal which has taken place in this county for some time was consummated here, when ownership of the entire stock of range cattle of H. A. Holmes, wife, Mrs. Carrie U. Holmes, and daughter, Mrs. Vergie Bothwell, was transferred to Nathan Holmes.  Necessary legal steps have also been initiated for the transfer of the stock of the minor daughters of H. A. Holmes to Nathan Holmes. 
  The entire deal involves 3,000 head of cattle, more or less, ranging in St. Lucie, Brevard and Osceola counties.  The total consideration of the three deals already recorded in the office of the county clerk is $36,000, and it is understood that the other deals, which legally authorized, will bring the amount up to $40,000.

Onion Club is Formed
Fernandina—The fears of the onion growers that the seeds planted would not grow have been allayed, especially in the minds of the members of the Fernandina Onion Club.  The young plants are growing thick and fast in the demonstration patch, and the members of the club are very much gratified.  They have pinned their faith to this demonstration and have invested their time and money in it, for they realize, in part at least, what a successful demonstration of this kind means to the future welfare of Amelia Island.
  They say that there is money in onions—big money—and there will be a stampede in onion growing.

A Tampa cigar company has increased its capital stock from $30,000 to $100,000.
  St. Petersburg people will vote in February on an improvement bond issue of $176,000.
  Commissioners of Pinellas County will ask for an injunction against a further fight against the good-roads bond issue of $715,000. 
  Jacksonville reports that hundreds of home seekers are arriving in that city from Northern states.
  On February 7 the commissioners of Osceola County will order an election for bond Issue of $150,000, with which a road will be paved with sand asphalt from St. Cloud to Brevard County.  Districts 1 and 2 of the same county will be bonded for $200,000 for roads. 
  R.E. Olds is said to have purchased 37,000 acres of land in Hillsborough and Pinellas Counties, near Lake Butler, for $500,000.
  Yachts from northern points, including Chicago, are arriving in Tampa for the Gasparilla Carnival.

Many Great Drainage Projects
Tallahassee—Drainage, like good roads, has been one of the great features of the year, and projects aggregating 1,255,627 acres, are now under way outside of the great Everglades drainage scheme.  Many of the other plans, however, are well under way, in some of them work being in progress.  Contracts have been let in others and work is delayed only by the money stringency due to war.
  On the east coast the upper St. Johns River District is probably the biggest job, comprising 263,000 acres of land in Brevard, Orange and Osceola Counties.  The district has been organized and the survey completed, but no contract let.
  Florida now has a very favorable drainage law under way which the major **rest of paragraph is torn.**

May Entertain National Guard
JacksonvilleJacksonville may entertain the 1917 convention of the National Guard Association of the United States.  The 1916 meeting will be held in Ashville, N.C., winning the convention at the meeting last November in San Francisco, Cal.
  Already there is a movement on foot among officers of the National Guard of Florida, who are residents of Jacksonville, to invite the association to hold its 1917 gathering in the Land of Flowers.

  The convention would bring several hundred delegates to the city from every state in the Union, as well as far away Hawaii, and is a most desirable body to entertain, as its personnel is of a particularly high standard, and includes some of the most prominent men in the country.

Depot Hearing to Take Place
Tallahassee—The Florida Supreme Court convened for the regular January term.  The docket is a large one and will require some time to clear.
  A case of importance is that of the Jacksonville Union Depot and its site, which will be orally argued on the first day of February.  The railroads of Jacksonville were ordered by the Florida Railroad Commission to erect a new Union Depot on the Myrtle Avenue site, but the railroads mandamuses the railroad commissioners and the matter has gone to the supreme court of the state for final settlement.
  A great array of legal talent is expected to be present at the time.

Planning For Street Paving
Fellsmere—Commencing a program of a year’s activity in local improvements of every nature, the town commission at its January meeting held recently favorably considered an ordinance providing for the paving of Broadway and South Carolina Avenue south to Pennsylvania Avenue and Pennsylvania east from Broadway to Willow Street and corporation line.  From North Carolina Avenue south to New York Avenue a paving fifty feet wide is required and from that point south to Pennsylvania Avenue the ordinance provides for paving twenty-one feet wide.

To Sell Good Road Bonds
Tallahassee—The county commissioners of Leon County were in session and ordered the clerk of the board to advertise for bids on one hundred thousand dollars of the recent issue of good roads bonds voted in this county.  The issue was for two hundred thousand dollars, but the board thought it more economical to wait later to sell the other half of the issue and thereby save some interest.  Bids are to be opened January 21, and as soon as the money is in hand, work will begin vigorously on the Dixie Highway with the view of  its early completion through this county.

Orange County To Build New Jail
Orlando—the county commissioners have accomplished much work of vital interest to the welfare of the county. 

Possibly no one act of the body was of more real satisfaction to the people of Orlando than their positive decision to build a new county jail.  The antiquated old brick Bastille in North Orange County has done duty **Rest of Article Torn**

Pensacola Working for Navy Yard
Pensacola—Determined to put Pensacola’s advantages squarely before the senate committee on naval affairs, President Dobson of the Chamber of Commerce, wired to Chairman Padgett of the naval affairs committee.  The telegram puts forward Pensacola as the only logical port for the location of a navy yard of the first class with a mammoth graving dock.  The communication is the result of the testimony of Admiral Stanford before the senate committee when he stated that only one navy yard of the United States is adequately equipped for handling the large battleships of the present and those now planned or under construction.

As Salads Should Be
Every Detail Must Be Carefully Looked Into

Smallest Thing That Is Forgotten May Completely Mar the Savoriness of  Preparation When They Go To The Table
Salad depends for its savoriness on the minutest details of its seasoning.  To be sure, the greens of which it is made must be fresh and crisp. But given crisp, fresh lettuce, watercress, escarole, endives or any other salad greens, the cook who understands the blending of seasonings can produce a savory salad at slight expense of time or money.
  To begin with, vinegar holds many possibilities.  It should be bland.  Then, with a foundation of bland vinegar, the experienced salad maker concocts different flavored vinegars.  In one bottle she puts a tablespoonful of celery seed, and fills the bottle with vinegar.  After this has stood for a week it has a very good flavor.  A few cloves of garlic are put into another bottle of vinegar.  A bay leaf is soaked in still another.
  When mixing French dressing these various vinegars are used to give different flavors.  They can also be used in mayonnaise. 
  A little crushed mint can be soaked in vinegar, just before it is used for French dressing.
**Torn part of paper here but is talking about using Lemon Juice in dressing**
  Put a slice of onion under a little slice of bread on the bottom of the dish in which salad stands.  This keeps the onion from touching the salad and at the same time the onion flavor permeates the whole mass.
  Add Worcestershire sauce to French dressing for a flavoring touch liked b the English.

  A little Roquefort cheese creamed into French dressing gives a rich flavor that some people like.

Jellied Plum Pudding
Soak half a box of gelatin in cold water, dissolved, then add a cupful of scalded milk, half a cupful of sugar and strain.  When cold beat till frothy and add the stiffly beaten whites of two eggs and a cupful of candied fruits cut in small pieces and soaked for an hour in rum.  Drain the fruits before adding to the jelly.  As the jelly stiffens fold in half a pint of whipped cream and a tablespoonful of sherry or brandy. Pour into a wet mold and chill.

Smoked Salmon Canapés
Cut the salmon to fit small rounds of buttered toast, season with pepper and heat thoroughly.  Serve with a garnish of watercress.  It is well to cover the canapés while heating them, otherwise the salmon may become too brown.  They are good appetizers.

Ginger Puffs
Beat one egg well, add one-half cupful sugar, one-half cupful molasses, one-fourth cupful melted butter, one-half cupful warm water, two cupfuls of flour sifted with one teaspoonful each of cassia, ginger, and soda and one-half teaspoonful salt.  Bake in individual tins.

Salmon Crab
One can salmon, one-half cupful milk, two eggs, one-half cupful cracker crumbs, salt and pepper. Beat yolks of eggs and then add the other ingredients, adding the beaten whites last.  Bake one-half hour.  Slice cold and serve with or without mayonnaise dressing.

  Flattery is the stuff dished out to other people—never to us.

  Some men don’t have to fly very high to live up to their ideals.

  The bewhiskered old humbug is more popular than the barefaced liar.

  Some men want to make hay in February and cut ice in August.

  The moral of a dog’s tail always points to the past.

  Two tablespoonfuls of granulated sugar to one white of egg will make excellent meringues.

 Function of the Hammer
“Why do you knock so?  Why are you always using the hammer?”  “I do it to rivet attention, my boy.”

Fowl is Chicken
“When two colored baseball teams are playing the umpire always calls an ‘unfair’ ball.”
  “If he said foul the players would all quit and go looking for the chicken.”

True To Life
“I’m always the goat.”
  “That’s because you’re always butting in.”

Are the first and only corn flakes that are “good to eat” without milk, cream or sugar.
Try some fresh from the package, and at once you get a wonderful corn flavor—vastly different from that of the ordinary “corn flakes” you may have had.
  Notice the little pearl-like “puffs” on each flake—a characteristic that is distinctive; also that when cream or milk is added they don’t mush down, but keep their body and appetizing crispness.
  There’s a Royal Treat in every package of
NEW POST TOASTIES—from your grocer.

Calomel Makes You Sick, UGH!  It’s Mercury and Salivates.

Straighten Up!  Don’t lose a Day’s Work!  Clean your Sluggish Liver and Bowels With “Dodson’s Liver Tone.

Mothers!  Your cares in comforting the aches and pains of the family from youth to old age, are lessened when you use this old and trust worthy remedy—

Sloan’s Liniment
Mothers:  “Keep a bottle in your home.”
Price:  25c. 50c. and $1.00

  Men learn more as they grow older, but it is of less importance.

  A girl, who has loved and lost, boasts of her indifference for the man.

  Occasionally one woman leads a man, but more often a dozen chase him.

  To give plaster casts an alabaster affect dip them into a strong solution of alum water.

Our Weekly Message
What is justice?  To give every man his own.  Aristotle

  Mr. J. E. McElroy, of the Agricultural Department of the L & N R. R. was here last week to arrange for a date of holding a farmers meeting and we call every farmer’s attention to the advertisement in another column of this paper.  The meeting at this place will be Monday Feb. 14th, at 2 p.m.
  The growing of cotton is a thing of the past, and the farmer will have to diversify and we urge every farmer and others interested to attend these meetings.
    A. G. Campbell, Judge of the Judicial Circuit, appears in this issue.  Judge Campbell is too well known to our readers to need any comment from us.  Judge Campbell was appointed to fill the unexpired term of Judge Emmett Wolfe, who resigned the office about a year ago.  Judge Campbell has made a fine record as a Judge, and he now desires to succeed himself.
  Yesterday will mark a day in the history of Pensacola.  At last it has another railroad connecting it with the outside world, through trains arriving there yesterday from Birmingham, Ala over the Gulf-Florida & Alabama railroad.  For years Pensacola has been a bottled up city but now the ice being broken we are sure this is only the beginning of the great things in store for the metropolis of West Florida.
  Laurel Hill, Okaloosa County and all of West Florida rejoice with Pensacola in its good fortune.
  Anyhow, no objections are being heard these days to the progressive spirit of Okaloosa County.

Of Course He Doesn’t Live In Okaloosa County.
(With apologies to Col. Roosevelt and The New York Times.)
  Let him enjoy himself to the top of his best, sing his growing collection of Songs of Hate, and makes all the rumpus that his multilateral, expansive nature requires for its expression.  He is the chartered libertine of speech.  He is always robustious.  He defines challenges, arraigns, denounces.  He has views on everything and scorns to hide them from the public. 
  But who grudges him his joy of battling words?  Whether he stirs sympathy, amazement, amusement, or weariness, according to the ears of his hearers, he is always full of eruption.  His personality is unfailingly interesting alike to those who worship him and those who damn him.  Long may he wave and rave, having a “bully time” in private life.

  The question of a Court House Election having been brought before the Board of County Commissioners in the form of petitions, asking for such an election, we wish to ask the people to carefully consider certain facts before demanding that we order such election. 
  The Board of Commissioners according to law have put the county to the expense of preparing temporary quarters for the County Government and said quarters are ample to accommodate the County for some time to come.
  The financial condition of the County is not such as to warrant the further expense of holding an election and building of a Court House and Jail, at the present time.
  It is the opinion of the Board that** (this part of the paper torn.) It is such that the Board should not at this time increase their burden of taxation by running the county in debt by building a Court House and Jail.
  The Board therefore wish the people to that know that it is their desire to conduct the affairs of the county in the most efficient and economical manner possible and in the interest of every tax payer in the county, and we ask your support and cooperation to this end.

J. W. Baggett, Jr.  Chmn., W.J. Davis, J. H. Givins, R. A. Rozier, B. P. Edge.  County Commissioners.


 For State Senator

  I hereby announce myself a candidate for the office of State Senator for the First Senatorial District of the State of Florida, and will say that I haven’t any promises to make only that if elected I will serve the people to the very best of my ability as I have done heretofore. I will be only the people’s servant and their boss.

Respectfully,      A. J. PEADEN

For State Senator

  I hereby announce myself a candidate for the nomination for State Senator from the First Senatorial District (Santa Rosa and Okaloosa Counties) of Florida, subject to the election of the voters at the Democratic Primary next June.  Your support will be duly appreciated.     P. TOMASELLO

For State Attorney

    I hereby announce myself a candidate for the office of State Attorney for the First Judicial Circuit of the State of Florida, which comprises the Counties of Santa Rosa, Escambia, Okaloosa and Walton, subject to the Democratic Primary to be held in June 1916.  Your vote and influence will be much appreciated.


For Sheriff

  I hereby announce myself a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Okaloosa County, subject the Democratic Primary in June 1916, and if elected I pledge myself to the people to fill the office to the best of my ability and give them the best service possible.

  I will appreciate your vote and influence.   R. FOWLER

For County Superintendent of Public Instruction

  In response to strong endorsements from different parts of the county I beg to announce that I will be a candidate in the Democratic Primary of June 6th, for the office of Superintendent of Public Instruction for Okaloosa County.  In the event of my being nominated, I pledge myself to a faithful and impartial performance of the duties pertaining to that office.  Respectfully,    D. T. FINLAYSON

For Circuit Judge

To the Democratic Voters of the First Judicial Circuit of Florida:

  I wish to announce that I am a candidate to succeed myself as Judge of the First Judicial Circuit of Florida.  I desire, and will appreciate the support and endorsement of the Democratic voters within the circuit for this appointment at the Democratic Primary to be held in June, 1916. 

Respectfully,    A. G. CAMPBELL

80 ACRE FARM Adjoining the town of Laurel Hill.  10 acres under fence and cultivation.  Good four room house. Flue clay for brick making.  Small creek on the land could be utilized for mill.  For quick sale will sell cheap.  For futher information address:   Eric Von Axelson, Laurel Hill, Fla. Or J.D. C. Newton, Pensacola, Fla.

 Sickly Children
A child with worms is pale, cross and unhealthy.  Its appetite is variable.  It starts in the sleep and frequently grinds its teeth when sleeping.  A certain remedy for worms is

It destroys the worms and strengthens the internal organs that have been weakened by these pests.  Pale, sickly children pick up quickly and soon become healthy, active and cheerful under its excellent correcting influence. Price 25c.  Jas. P. Dallard, Prop. St. Louis, Mo.

For sale at Laurel Hill Pharmacy.

Laurel Hill Pharmacy
Fine Line of Drugs and Drug Sundries.  Stationary, Soft Drinks.  Cigars and Tobaccos.


GEO. McGOWAN,  Proprietor.
Up to date and clean.
Polite, courteous treatment.
Honing of razors a specialty.


Next Door to Laurel Hill Pharmacy.
Clean Towels.  Sharp Razors.
Steam Laundry Agency.
Specialty:  Cleaning & Pressing


Fancy Groceries
Candies, Fruit, Cold Drinks, Cigars and Toabacco.

Local Items
  Rev. F. B. Smith of Milton, filled his regular appointment at the Presbyterian Church here Sunday.
  The Southland Literary Circle of Critics met and organized at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. Lee Smith, Friday evening, Jan. 14.  Those present being Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Misses Nita McGultre, Christian McLeod, Beatrice Cawthon, Minnie Bridges, Lillie Gomillion, Messers. Malcolm Morrison, and Johnnie Gomillion.
  Mr. Smith was elected Chief Critic, Miss McLeod Chief Critic Pro tem, and Miss Lillie Gomillion Secretary and Treasurer. 
  We want about nine more members.  Those wishing to join will please meet with the Critics at the house of Miss Bridges Friday night of  this week.
  The Tax Assessor and Collector will be here next Tuesday and Wednesday, Jan. 25th and 26th, to assess and collect county taxes.
  Messrs. W. K. Hyer and Wm. Knowlton, of Pensacola, were here on business Thursday.
  Dr. and Mrs. O. O. Enzor, of Munson, were visiting Mrs. Enzor’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. Weainerty *(Mrs. Ezor’s  parents name difficult to read I’m not sure I’m even close in the spelling) at this place on Sunday.
  Miss Maud Von Axelson entertained a number of friends at her home Saturday evening in honor of Misses Alpha and Irene Fuller, who are this week moving to Hacoda, Ala.

  Mrs. J. H. Givens left Tuesday morning for Live Oak, Fla, where she will represent the W. ___ U. at the Baptist annual meeting.
  Mr. Henry Francis and his sister, Mrs. Horace ________, Miss Winnie Francis of Milton were the guests of Miss Alpha Fuller Sunday. Miss Alpha returned to Milton with them Sunday to spend a few days.
  Mr. Dan Wilkinson spent Sunday and Monday in Pensacola with his family.
  Lee Barlow, who is employed with the Telephone Company at Florala, visited home folks here Sunday.
  Miss Adele Williamson, who formerly resided here and for a number of years was a teacher in our school is now located in DeFuniak, where she is teaching in the High School.
  A number of young people from Cicat Springs and Svea attended the party here Saturday evening.

  Mrs. M. L. Hooten, of Colum, Ala. Is visiting her son, Dr. W. A. Hooten of this place.
  Mr. D. J. Saltsman, of Galliver, Fla. Was transacting business in Laurel Hill Monday.
  Mr. Neal Franklin, of Munson, Fla., was a visitor here Saturday night and Sunday.
  Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Gordon, of Munson, were visitors here one day last week.
  Miss Adele Williamson, of DeFuniak Springs, was a visitor here Saturday and Sunday.  Miss Dell, by which name she is popularly known here, has a host of friends at Laurel Hill who were glad to see her in this her old home.

  Mr. Oscar Brown
of Svea, Fla., and Miss Laura Adkison, from across Yellow River, were married in Laurel Hill Sunday.

(Held Over From Last Week)
  Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Gordon of Munson, were pleasant visitors of Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Cook Friday and Saturday.  While here Mr. Gordon sold his place and mill to Mr. John Atwell of Laurel Hill.  The little mill changes hands often, but meal comes just the same.
  Mr. James Senterfitt and sister Sarah were guest of Mr. David Lott and sister, Saturday night and Sunday.
  Mr. Willie Holloway, of Paxton, Fla., brought his sister, Myrtie, here Sunday to spend a few days with her Uncle and Aunt, Mr. and Mrs. T. Holly.  We all wish Miss Myrtie a nice time while here.

  Mr. Edwin Wang of Svea, sure has a pretty horse.  Everybody here likes it fine.
  Mr. James Williams, of Paxton, Fla., was riding a red bicycle around here Saturday. He pushed it more, too.
  Mr. Richard Tanner has almost completed his new dwelling house.  It looks good, too.
  Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Clary, daughter Miss Irene, son Alton, and Miss Alma Folmar, of Laurel Hill were visiting Mr. Clary’s parents here Sunday evening.

  Mr. Neal Campbell is thinking of the future, as he is clearing some land.
  We are having nice sunny weather now and everybody is beginning their farming.
  Edward Webb, of Laurel Hill, spent the night with David Lott last Thursday night after enjoying a party at Mr. Willie Clary’s.  The party was enjoyed by everyone present.
  Edgar Clary and David Lott went hunting Saturday, and had very good luck.
  Mr. and Mrs. Willie Clary visited Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Steele Saturday night and Sunday.
  Miss Bernice Boles has returned home from her visit at Opp, Ala., and was visited by Miss Irene Fuller Friday.
  ______ Clary has quit going to school _______   ______ he will be working at ________ Lumber Company next.
  Quite a crowd of young people were out at Sunday school Sunday afternoon.

the death angel visited the home of Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Davidson, and took their two weeks old babe home.
  But we know that it has gone,
   To its home in Heaven above.
To the land of peace, rest, and love.
   It has left this troubled land.
Its grace above to join the Angel band.
  With the Angels it will wait
Its mothers coming at the golden gate.
 Goodbye, sweet babe, we love you dearly still.

Meetings will be held at:

Holt, Wednesday, Feb. 9th, 2:30 p.m.                       Milligan, Thursday, Feb. 10th, 2 p.m.
Crestview, Monday, Feb. 14th, 2 p.m.
Garden City, Monday, Feb. 14th, 7 p.m.

Laurel Hill, Monday, Feb. 14th, 2 p.m.

  These meetings are of interest to everyone, especially farmers.  Speakers from the Agricultural-Department of the L & N R.R. Co., will discuss How to Grow More Corn; How to Improve Live Stock; How to make West Florida more Productive and Prosperous.

Diversified Farming Means Something to Sell Every Month in the Year.
Everybody Invited

The Old Reliable Store

  Thanks their many customers for the Liberal Patronage accorded them during the past year and solicit a continuation of the same in   1916
and wish for each one a Happy and Prosperous NEW YEAR.

Climate is necessary, but alone, Doesn’t constitute a Florida home.


Have a Home in the Heart of the Hills.  Florida in Photographs FREE.
North Marlon Development Company….McIntosh, Florida.

B.F. WYNN   Laurel Hill, Fla.
General Blacksmith
Horse Shoeing, Wood Working (?)
Buggy and _____ Repairing and Painting,
All work guaranteed


Physician and Surgeon.

Office at the Laurel Hill Pharmacy

Laurel Hill, Florida

Eric von Axelson, M.T.D.
Graduate American College of Mech and Therapy
Laurel Hill, Florida

Office in Given’s store

  JAN. 28th

7:30 p.m., Introductory sermon by Rev. R. Wyche.
  Saturday, January 29th

9 a.m.—Relgious exercises by Rev. N.T. Cardwell.
9:15 a.m.—Address of Welcome by Rev. J.D. Smith, Jr.
  Reply to address of welcome by Rev. R.L. Bishop.
9;30 a.m.—Election of officers and enrollment of messengers.

10 a.m.—Query, “In Christ’s teaching of repentance and belief, which is first?”—Opened by Rev. S. G. Ward.
11 a.m.—Sermon by Rev. D.F. Sutley.
2 p.m.—Devotional service by Rev. E.T. Pitts.
2:15 p.m.—Query, “Is tithing scriptural or binding on Christians of today?”—Opened by Rev. C.C. Elland, Jr..
2:45 p.m.—Query, “How often do the scriptures require the observance of the Lord’s Supper?”—Opened by Rev. A.W. Langley.
7:30 p.m.—Sermon by Rev. S.G. Ward.

Note: Next couple of Line impossible to read But looks like it is for Sunday Jan. 30th.
9 a.m.—Devotional service by Rev. W.N. Taylor.
9:15 a.m.—Query, “What is Faith and Order as understood by Baptist?”—Opened by Rev. D.F. Sutley.
10 a.m.—“The Value of Organization and Cooperation of Baptist Churches.”—By the executive committee of the Association.
11 a.m.—Sermon by Rev. A.W. Langley.
2 p.m.—Devotional services by Rev. James Sutely.
2:15 p.m.—Query, “Who is to blame that churches do not hear from absent members, the church or member?”  Opened by Rev. A.C. Johnson.
3 p.m.—Query, “What does the Lord’s word mean when it commands parents to bring up children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord?”—Opened by Rev. W.N. Taylor.
7 p.m.—Song service conducted by Prof. E.A. Mooney.
7.30 p.m.—Sermon by Rev. A.C. Johnson.
  Each church in the Association is requested to be represented by messenger if possible.
  We sincerely desire all pastors of the Associations to be present.
  All messengers are requested to be present at the opening service on Saturday morning.  Come prepared to stay until the meeting is closed.

E. A. Mooney, Chairman Executive Committee

Has just received a NEW LINE of DRY GOODS

Call and inspect them before you buy.

 Stop In Here
I am here to serve the Public with a small line of MERCHANDISE of different kinds at reasonable prices.

I do my best to give Good Service, If I don’t, Come and tell me, if I do, tell all your friends.  Satisfied Customers Is My Capital.

The Okaloosa Leader $1.00


  Up to about 1889, winter egg-production was not much of a feature, great as the demand was, for the reason that there seemed no possible way of getting the hens down to solid work.
  There was an improvement, however, when better houses, better feeding and better care were employed; but still the supply was meager considering the output at the present day.
  The matter of food finally became a serious subject, resulting in the conclusion that more animal food must be placed on the bill of fare.
  But how to furnish is economically did not manifest itself until F.W. Mann, in 1889, invented and placed on the market a crude machine, but, nevertheless, the initiative of the present high-class green-bone cutters now so extensively used.  This was the original bone-cutter, and it is a matter of poultry history that the term bone-cutter was actually coined by Mr. Mann.
  According to analysts by Prof. James E. Rice the nutritive value of green bone is 1:53 which is greater than any other form of meat _________ , dried blood, dried fish or animal meal.
  Hens are worm and insect hunters, and where they do not have a range, must be supplied a substitute in some form.  Particularly in the summer, the handiest meat food is meat scraps and meat meal, many brands of which are used.
  It is best to mix the meat in the real feed.  But in the case of green cut bone it is more satisfactory to feed in troughs, allowing a pound of green bone for every 16 fowls, or, an ounce per head.
  The animal foods the fowl’s gather while on a free range are usually high in percentage of nitrogenous matter, and not a large proportion of fat.  Many of the artificial foods, excepting such as dried blood and skim milk, contain, usually besides nitrogenous matter, a high percentage of fat which is not especially desired in compounding a ration.
  Mistakes have been made in feeding green bone in giving too liberal a quantity.  An excess will produce aggravated diarrhea and worms and a too liberal supply of meat scrap is apt to cause an over fat condition of the fowls.
  It may be possible to have poultry live without any animal matter, but for profit and thrift it is necessary that they receive a certain per cent of meat in the daily bill of fare, especially when they are confined to runs, or to houses in winter.
  Its is claimed that 100 pounds of fresh hen manure contains about 50 pounds of water, 16 pounds of organic matter and 36 pounds ash.  Analysis shows that poultry manure contains 2.43 per cent phosphoric acid, 2.26 per cent potash, and 3.25 per cent nitrogen, as ammonia and organic matter. 
  The average hen outlives her usefulness in two years and is more profitable sent to market.  There are at times good hens in the third and even in the fourth year, but the average limit is two.  Old hens are more likely to contract diseases than the younger ones.
  It is a good plan to have awnings or hoods of cheap muslin or boards to go over the windows of the hen house in summer to keep out the sun and thus keep the house cooler.  It is not advisable, however, to have these awnings up during the winter, as the sunlight is needed in the house to purify it.
  When the leg is bent the bird cannot open its foot.  That is why it does not fall off the perch at night when asleep.  When a hen is walking it closes its toes as it raises its foot and opens them as the foot touches the ground.
  The imports of the products of poultry culture into this country from foreign countries shows that the field is still open to a large increase of the industry in the United States, and that the opportunity is waiting for those wanting to take advantage of it.
  Compared with well-rotted barnyard manure, there are 48.60 pounds of phosphoric acid in hen manure to six in barnyard manure; 41 pounds of potash to 10 in barnyard manure and 67 pounds nitrogen to 11 in barnyard manure.  This analysis is based on a ton each of hen and barnyard manures.
  It is common to call all poultry “chickens” but strictly speaking, a chicken is a young fowl, generally under six months of age, and a “fowl” is one over that age.  On the same basis, a young male under one year of age, or a young female of the same age, are known as cockerel and pullet, respectively.  They become cock and hen after that.
  Referring to the value of coal tar, Hotchkiss says that if it is put in rat holes, runs, etc., rats, mice, minks and weasels will desert the premises.  It is equally effective for lice, by coating it on the roost.  For the latter it may be thinned with gasoline, if desired, and applied to perch and walls of the poultry houses with a whisk broom once a year.  The writer has found gas tar an excellent remedy for scaly legged fowls.

Ideal Remedy for Nursing Mothers
Compound of Simple Laxative Herbs Safe for Baby and Mother.
Dr. Caldwell’s Syrup Pepsin

The Man who thinks funny thoughts without expressing them is the worst kind of a pessimist.

No sick headache, sour stomach, biliousness or constipation by morning.

Keep Your Locks Youthful, Dark, Glossy and Thick with Garden Sage and Sulphur.

Does Yours?
“I wish you wouldn’t contradict me, my dear.”
“I don’t!”

For rough work wear Overalls
Shirts and Jumpers made of
Cloth manufactured by J.L. Stifel & Sons
Indigo Dyers and Printers * Wheeling, W. VA

Land of Graves Shows War’s Greatest Desolation

More Depressing Than Belgium or East Prussia is Picture of Rule and Destruction Over Vast Area of County.

Warsaw—Even more depressing than parts of Belgium and East Prussia, the worst parts, is Poland—a land of graves and trenches, of ruin and destruction on a scale that has been wrought nowhere else by the war. The conflict has been waged back and forth across the ancient kingdom so long that agriculture has had but little chance, and, except in those sections where the German forces have been in control for some time, the fields are barren and untilled, scarred by miles upon miles of earthworks.
  From the East Prussian boundary to approximately the old Rawka positions there is visible the maximum amount of order and peaceful quiet.  At the Rawka, however, the interminable graves with their helmet, adorned crosses, the deep slashes in the earth that once were trenches but now are the temporary “homes” of countless refugees, the maze of partly destroyed barbed wire entanglements and the succession of burned and ruined villages begin.
  For miles, between Alexandrovo on the boundary and Warsaw, and between Warsaw and Lodi, the old trenches line the railroad, while graves, individual and common, line the trenches.  Eastward of Warsaw, however, the trenches virtually stop, for the Russians  moved fast once they abandoned the capital of Poland.  The trenches stop, but the devastated villages do not.  Rather they increase in number, and there is scarcely a railroad station – and no bridges—left standing.
  The Poles from time immemorial have been accustomed to building their thatched cottages—huts would be a better word—close together.  Accordingly, it was necessary only to set fire to one structure in order to burn them all.  In consequence countless villages have been reduced to forlorn rows of chimneys, which, being of brick and stoutly built, resisted the flames.
  Unlike the cities of Poland, the country seems to have been stripped of young men.  One sees little else than peasant women, barefoot, ill clad, who struggle under bundles of wood through the mud, and who generally avert their eyes as strangers pass.
  The Germans, partly for their own benefit, partly to give employment to the Poles, have done much to put the notoriously bad roads in shape.  They have also altered the railroad from the Russian to the German gauge—a stupendous work, for all the main lines are now double track, and at important points  huge yards  have had to be built to conform to military needs.
  The destruction in many parts of Poland is so general that village after village has no single house standing.  Both soldiers and the civil population have had to rely on their inventiveness to obtain shelter, and all along the railroad lines freight cars, Russian and German, are being used as houses.   In the case of the Russian cars the wheels have been removed, the cars have been set flat on the ground and the interiors fitted up with some degree of comfort.

Matin Says Artificial Palate Was
  Considered by French Specialists Before the War.

   ParisThe Matin revives the story that the Kaiser is suffering from cancer.  The paper says a telegram displayed at Zurich on December 24 said that  t he court physicians at Berlin were of the opinion that the Kaiser’s illness is due to a fresh manifestation of cancer.
  The Matin adds that a practitioner living in Paris was consulted by the German emperor three months before the war concerning the manufacture of an artificial palate if a serious operation on the Kaiser’s throat were necessary.