The school began ca 1915 as Rosenwalk in honor of
(1862-1932), a successful businessman and president of Sears, Roebuck
and Co and philanthropist who helped establish schools for American
blacks. The name of the school was changed to
Carver to honor Dr.
George Washington Carver (1864 - 1943) and in 1954, local officials in
Crestview added the name Hill to honor Rev. Edward
represented a group of black parents in efforts to have the school
board establish a local school for black children. Up until
every black student in the county had to attend Carver-Hill
school. When the school opened it had 12
teachers, a gym and auditorium. "It was hands-on. The teachers were
hands-on. They'd push and push you. I don't think I'd be where I am or
what I am today if it wasn't for those teachers."
Google a series of articles
in the Northwest Florida Daily News. February 2, 2004. "Carver-Hill:
More than a School" by staff news writer, Isaac Sabetai. The
section also contains information on W.E. Combs School, Ft. Walton
Beach; Tivoli High School in DeFuniak Springs and Jackson High School
in Milton. Learn more about the artwork by Vernon Lee. It
depicts the proposed closing and repurposing of Carver-Hill School. The
artwork and history of the school building are part of the collection
of exhibits at the Carver Hill Museum, Crestview, FL. (See
the Culture & Heritage section on this
Museum, 895 McClellan Street, Crestview.
In 1962 the W.E.
Combs School - named for a professor -
was built in Ft Walton. Carver-Hill School was closed as part of
Okaloosa County's Integration plan at the close of the 1968-69 school
Drew School.Baker, FL.
Pictured is the Class of 1951. The Faculty: O'Dell
Principal; Samuel A. Allen; Caroline J. Allen; Rabon Boyer; Leola
Boyer; Dorothy A. Ealy; Lucindy Gainer; Mozelle P.
Thomas. Ingrid Williamson and Luther
Hart (in white robes) are the first Drew High School graduates.
Missionary Baptist Church, Baker. FL.
The church history, which is featured in the
Review on page 1 - Section B, celebrates its 83rd Anniversary on
January 26th. Church records indicate that Lebanon was
1914. Camillia Sledge remembers worshiping with Lebanon under
Brush Arbor near the Chatman home in 1906 when her family moved to
Baker, FL. The frame building also doubled as a school.
church building was built at the current location in 1923.
School classrooms were added in the 1970s. Members of the
were baptized in the Blackwater River in the early years. The
church's pioneer families still attend today: Henry; Adams;
Sledge; Malone; Williams; Taylor; Holloway; Jones; Thomas; Spears;
Williamson and Cobb. During the Anniversary service special recognition
was made to the church's two oldest members, Mr. Tommie Simon, age 91
(at the time) and Rosa Jackson, age 89 (at the time). The
pastor of the church was Rev. J. A. Thomas, the father of Mattie
Swinson. The theme for the anniversary service was, "A
Church On The Move For God." Mrs. Caroline Allen provided the
church history to the Citizen Review for publication. See the
entire article and photos in the research library at the Baker Block
are members of the church during the early 1950s.
Brandy Flores submitted a paper on this family as part of
studies with Professor Rucker in Pensacola, FL April 25, 2003.
She interviewed family members and records their responses in
this paper. The story should be read in its entirety. A copy
on file at the Baker Block Museum.
The family migration began in North Carolina area
furthest the family can trace its roots is back seven generations.
It is said that the patriarch was full-blooded Indian, though
family does not know the tribe they stem from. They migrated
Florida via Georgia following work that was available in the turpentine
industry. Elisha and Isaac Simon were born in November of
Seminole, AL. Brandy interviews Elisha and Isaac, asking
what it was like to work in the turpentine camps.
"Samuel H. Hayes Day,
May 1, 2007, Crestview, FL."
decorated war veteran, Sam
Hayes, who after his military retirement, came back home to serve the
community. Among his accomplishments, he served on the Crestview City
Council (including service as Vice President, then President of the
council) for more than 25 years. Florida
League of Cities and was the recipient of the 2002 Northwest Florida
League of Cities Elected Official of the Year Award.
American Black Colonial Experience.
Fort Mose: Colonial
America's Black Fortress of Freedom.
Kathleen Deagan and Darcie MacMahon. 1995. University Press
Florida. This book tells the story of Fort Mose and the
who lived there. It challenges the notion of the American black
colonial experience as only that of slavery, offering instead a richer
and more balanced view of the black experience in the Spanish colonies
from the arrival of Columbus to the American Revolution. the fort was located in
County, 2 miles north of St. Augustine,built by the Spanish in
1738, destroyed by Oglethorpe in 1740,and rebuilt in 1756 to become the
first free Black settlement in North America.
July 1943, Eglin suffered its worst loss of life when 17 personnel were
killed in an explosives test. Wartime censorship and the fact that 15
of the 17 were airmen of the African-American-staffed 867th Aviation
Engineering Battalion contributed to the accident receiving virtually
no publicity. The identities of the dead, including the two white
officers supervising, were never released, and only one small newspaper
article was published mentioning the incident. A documentary, the
"Eglin 17", debuted at the 2009 African American Heritage Month
luncheon at the Eglin Air Force Base Officer's Club on 18 February
2009, providing the story of the forgotten accident. "The cause and
circumstances surrounding the incident remain 'clouded in mystery,'
according to the documentary," although Lt. Col. Allen Howser (Ret.),
featured in the documentary, recalled that it was part of an exercise
to test fire a newly acquired explosive. (See the resources
section for additional research/resource information on this tragic and
Slaves: Florida's Freedom Seekers
This book by Jean West
provides history regarding
the connections between Seminole and Blacks. Go
here to find
the book and learn more about this era of history.
In February 1864, it was part
of the Union force that tangled with Confederates at Olustee (also
called Ocean Pond) in the largest Civil War battle in Florida.
The two sides fought nearly
all day and by nightfall, the union was in retreat. The 54th, along
with another black unit, the 35th U.S. Colored Troops, joined
the fighting late in the day and helped save Union troops from
disaster. The 54th was one of the first
black units organized in the northern states during the Civil War. By
1864 the unit was a battle-hardened force to be reckoned with,
as well as a household name because of what happened at Battery Waggner
in the summer of 1863
The battle is re-enacted every
February at the Olustee Battlefield Historic Site (in Baker County,
west of Jacksonville on I-10).
Block Museum Educational Services. Baker, FL