Research & Resources
Creek Nation was a confederacy--an alliance of separate and independent
that gradually became, over a long period, a single political
organization. Through most of its
history, however, the Confederacy was a dynamic institution,
constantly changing in size as tribes, for whatever
reason, entered the alliance or left it. ...
This fluctuating population base... has confounded the attempts of historians and anthropologists to generalize about the Creeks. One can be clear or correct, but rarely both."
ChiefMcIntosh.com (mostly genealogy website)
"The Dawes Commission and the Enrollment of the Creeks". by Kent Carter. (Google this)
"A Creek Indian Bibliography", By Anne Gometz. (Google her name)
Creek Indian Researcher on Rootsweb.com has pages and pages of lists, rolls, letters and other information on Creek history.
National Archives website. There are several on-line sources for the following information, which can also be found there: 1843 Creek Nation 1857 Old Settlers Roll; 1857, 1858 1859 Creek Pay Rolls; 1867 Dunn Roll of Citizens and Freedman and much more.
Parrot band of Creek
Indians, Calhoun County,
"Among the Creeks" Carol Middleton's extensive research appears on several websites. (Google her name; since her death the data has been relocated in several places.))
They Say the Wind Is Red, by Jacqueline Anderson Matte, is the moving story of the Choctaw Indians who managed to stay behind when their tribe was relocated in the 1830s. Throughout the 1800s and 1900s, they had to resist the efforts of unscrupulous government agents to steal their land and resources. But they always maintained their Indian communities—even when government census takers listed them as black or mulatto, if they listed them at all. A moving saga of the southwest Alabama Choctaw Indians, They Say the Wind Is Red chronicles a history of pride, endurance, and persistence, in the face of the abhorrent conditions imposed upon the Choctaw by the U.S. government. This revised edition includes a resource guide for southeastern Indian genealogy. (
Government & Legislation. Researchers view a study of the various laws, land cessions, law suits and court dockets, as essential to understanding the history of Native American peoples. And, some of these documents can be used to establish lineage.
Land Cessions and Treaties.
1832 Creek Indian Census
Tribal Rolls. (Google these rolls)
DAWES; Guion-Miller Rolls; Old Settlers Rolls; Armstrong Rolls, "Train of Tears" data; Rolls of Creek Orphans and Payments made. . .
Sources of information on our local area:
the Shadow of
Carol Middleton "Among the Creeks" - data on various websites. (Google it)
SENA, Southeastern Native American Exchange Journals (available in the museum's research library)
William D. Hood website, "Piney Woods Genealogy" and some history (Google it)
Chiefs and Loyal Braves. Chapter
3, "A Company of Friendly Indians" The
http://sciway3.net/clark/freemoors/Chapter3_The_Florida_Frontier.htm (Catawba Indian community of northwest
"The Great Ford Across
"The Indian Traders
Migration to Our Area" The Heritage of
Ceremonial Objects of Native
Americans in Our Area" The Heritage of
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Search this agency on line; however, most of its paperwork had been turned over to the National Archives.
Trek of the
In her notes for
"My wife and I went to
others were all sitting around the table talking about Indians and working on papers. I asked about a
Polly Scroggins. Everyone dropped what they were doing and it became silent. I believe that Calvin
McGhee married into a Scroggin family. My wife and I filed claims at
heard if we were accepted. We did get some information on medical help from the Indian Bureau."
"The wife and I made several trips to
Some trips Houston McGhee and I believe a Roland Norris were with us. We were working on the Creek Indian
lineage for filing claims at Poarch in
we made. During the time Andrew Jackson was marching down the Seminole wanted to join the Creeks.
The Creeks refused to let them. Old
Some of the Creek warriors who went with
McGhee at Atmore had a book from
been translated to Juskenehaw. This book was printed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1854, I believe."
items are available in the research library at
Educational Services. Baker Block Museum. corner Hwy 189 & Rt. 4. Baker, FL. 32531. (850) 537-5714